Carrying ID when visiting or living in Spain

Carrying ID when visiting or living in Spain

This is a question that Ronda Today gets asked all the time amongst foreign nationals visiting and living in Spain.

Every country has its own rules, and of course there is overriding EU law that needs to be considered as well.

Do I have to carry my identifications when out and about in Spain? The short answer is yes you do! Read on to find out why…

Carrying id in Europe

So, what exactly is the problem? Most British people don’t have an ID card, and refuse to carry their passports every time they leave the hotel or home. People from Germany and other European states have an ID card, but in some countries you only need to have an ID card, (you don’t need to carry it with you at all times or show it on demand.)

Interesting article: How to avoid high roaming charges while traveling abroad?

Carrying identification in Spain

Spanish citizens all have an identity card known as a Documento Nacional de Identidad (DNI), and the overwhelming majority carry it on them at all times. The card was once most often used when making credit card purchases, but almost any activity that requires proof of identity will see them present their DNI.

Anyone being stopped by any type of police will almost certainly be asked to produce some kind of identification

This leaves foreigners (especially British citizens) in the curious position of not understanding Spanish, UK and EU law. If the Policia National or Guardia Civil stop you and demand identity many of us become frustrated when the authorities will not accept our excuse that it is not compulsory to carry our passport or Id card.

In fact under Spanish law we are wrong. Everyone in Spain must carry government issued ID at all times, regardless of whether we are Spanish, an EU national, or a foreigner living or holidaying in the country. The specific law is Article 4 of Organic Law 4/2000 which states in unambiguous terms that foreign nationals in Spain must carry identity documents issued by the country of citizenship. The operative word is ‘carry’ – not to be confused with keep at home.

Thus, if you are visiting or living in Spain, and you don’t have Spanish government issued photo ID, you must carry at all times your own nation’s photo ID, in the case of British citizens this means our passport.

Do you get time to produce your identification in Spain? No!

There is no obligation on the part of authorities in Spain to give you 72 hours or some other reasonable amount of time to present your document. Quite simply, if you do not produce an identity document on demand when asked by law enforcement officers (Policia Nacional, Guardia Civil, Policia Local etc) then you could be detained and fined.

Most officers of the law will let you off with a stern verbal warning if you don’t have your ID on you, but this is not a requirement on their part.

What does EU law say about carrying identification in Spain?

Of course most of us will wonder what European Union law says about carrying ID, and I’m afraid to report the news doesn’t get better. The issue of foreign residents in Spain has never been tested in the European Court of Justice so we need to look at EU directives to find an answer, and directive 2004/38/EC, Official Journal L 158, 30 April 2004 which covers citizenship.

Specifically, the directive grants all EU citizens the right to move freely within the EU, and without a visa for any purpose. This includes people choosing to reside in Spain. The right of each nation to retain the ability to carry out identity checks on demand is reserved to each state, so if you live in Spain, Spanish law WILL apply.

An important point for UK citizens after “brexit”

As 3rd country citizens, people from the United Kingdom have to carry an ID legal document with them at all times in Spain by law and this includes the one that confirms that they are living legally in Spain. That is the TIE. (Tarjeta de identidad de extranjero)

An even more important NOTE: Its now compulsory to exchange the green A4 residencia for a TIE, UK citizens carrying only the green document will find themselves in trouble if they try to use it as a means to enter the country or identification purposes. The document they have does not say the truth, as they are no longer EU citizens. (The A4 document clearly states That the certificate is for a citizen of the EU.) This document also states that it is not a valid method of identification of the carrier!

If you need any help with changing your A4 residency certificate for the TIE then contact Rey Expat Advisors:


If you are in Spain (no matter what country you are from), you must carry a valid ID card or passport at all times, and failure to do so could see the police detain you temporarily whilst they ascertain your identity, and furthermore, it is within their rights to issue a fine.

Carrying ID when visiting or living in Spain is obligatory :)

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10 thoughts on “Carrying ID when visiting or living in Spain”

  1. This article is mostly aimed at non resident visitors to Spain who are often told by their hotels to leave their passports in the hotel safe. But you are quite right Mark. If you are resident in Spain and hold an Spanish NIE identity card then that of course is your main way to prove to a Spanish policeman who you are. I will update this article to clarify your point. Thanks!

  2. You mentioned that he law states ” issued by the country of citizenship” , therefore your residency card should not be sufficient as you are not a Spanish citizen, just a resident. You are still a UK citizen so therefore should be carrying your passport.

  3. Hi Vanessa… Well I am resident so have my TIE card meaning I don’t have to carry my passport. (the card is the same size as my driving license so fits easily in my wallet (unlike my passport)…The point of this article is really to stress the point that one should carry a legal identification at all times in Spain. It does seem to be the law as quite a few people have found out when they get stopped by the police without one…

  4. Here is the link to the British Governments page on this subject…. “You must provide photographic ID (your passport) if requested by a police officer. This includes the Guardia Civil and national, regional and local police forces. The police have the right to hold you at a police station until your identity is confirmed. Ignoring direct requests or challenging a police officer may be viewed as ‘disobedience’, which is a criminal offence.”

  5. There is no need to apply for residency or a permit anymore. But if you live here you are obliged to have a NIE number that you get from the Policia Nacional. If you start working , your NIE number is sufficient, but you will also have to apply for a health card from the Centro de Salud.

  6. hello, then you dont need to apply for it? at all? with the passport is enough? what about when you get a job??? thank you very much.

  7. Sorry Julia, a photo ID driving license does not qualify because a driving license doesn’t state your nationality, or allow the police to access central criminal records. Quite simply, a drivers license can be issued to any person who is temporarily resident in the UK, whereas a passport or ID card proves your eligibility to be be in Spain as both visitor and resident.

    Also, don’t be fooled by the advice given by many pub lawyers, a facsimile of your passport, even if it is notarised, is not sufficient.

  8. How very interesting. Would a british driving licence with photo id suffice or it has to be a passport? I, and assume most of us, don’t want to carry our most valueble document with us all the time. I certainly bound to loose it and can not bear thinking of the hassle and cost it would take to replace it.

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