Shrine of our Lady of Sorrows (Templete de la Virgen de los Dolores)

Shrine of Our Lady of Sorrows (Templete de la Virgen de los Dolores)

Ronda and the Serrania surround it have been lawless lands for millennia, not even the iron grip of the Almohads could stamp out rebellions and banditry, so it is hardly surprising that capital punishment has been so widely used.

In Ronda, nowhere is this more obvious and chilling than the Temple of Our Lady of Sorrows, also known as the Shrine of the Hanged, with its frightening depictions of condemned men’s eyes bulging as they desperately try to get a last breath while the hangman’s noose crushes their windpipe.

Capital punishment is gruesome business, but under the authority of the church, and with the shields of Ferdinand and Isabella (the Catholic Kings) and their descendent Philip V on either side of the image of the Virgin to lend legitimacy.

The Temple of Our Lady of Sorrows was more than just a reminder to all who pass of its terrible duty, but also a place where the condemned could beg forgiveness for their mortal sins. It was only through beseeching the Church State to intercede on their behalf that they could stand any chance of forgiveness in the afterlife.

Modern day visitors to the temple are rarely told of its past, most of the tour guides make only a passing mention of the condemned, though a cursory examination quickly reveals a dark past.

The temple is nothing more than a roof and two pillars leaning against an adjacent house, but intricately decorated and adorned with the date 1734, the year of it’s construction. Each of the pillars look less like supports and more like statues, a cunning effect intended to frighten the condemned into confessing their sins.

The corners of the temple appear incomplete, descending only to a point around 40cm from the roof, but adding to the illusion that once under the cupola one is completely inside the temple.

Intricately constructed, the cupola is beautiful, almost heavenly, and once again an appeal to the condemned to confess in the hopes of eternal forgiveness. The trick on the mind cannot be understated, the mindset of a person from the 18th century brought to beg forgiveness would be sure to see the connection that in the 21st century we see only as an expression of art.

Interestingly, the images of the hanged men closely resemble the style of statue found at the Palacio de Salvatierra, as well as Aztec temple artwork. This is no coincidence, with the last king of the Aztecs (Moctezuma) having spent his years in exile in Ronda. To this day his descendants are still powerful landowners around Ronda.

4 thoughts on “Shrine of Our Lady of Sorrows (Templete de la Virgen de los Dolores)”

  1. Sorry to be so gruesome but surely the hangman’s noose was never used ? Spain preferred the Garrote to eliminate people.

  2. You raise a good point Nigel. Thank you.

    The unofficial name of the temple is the shrine of the hanged, however this could be confusing misnaming based on the fact both methods of execution are related to the neck…

  3. The more I think about it, the more I think that when non Spaniards came to Ronda and saw this shrine and the carvings they automatically associated the cord around the necks with a hangman’s noose. Fairly obvious conclusion to arrive at. So naturally the story became legend. However the Garrote was the main method of execution back in the 18th Century – a loop around the neck with a stick to twist the rope until strangulation. In 1828 according to sources the Garrote was made the official means of execution in Spain. Goya drew a depiction of a priest being Garroted by French forces during the Peninsular War titled “Por una navaja” – for carrying a knife – and the method can be clearly compared with those stone figures at the Shrine of Our Lady of Sorrows. The last person to be executed by this method was in 1959. The death penalty was abolished in Spain in 1978.

  4. Ahhh, thank you so much for clarifying that, and after looking at images of people being garroted (not my favourite passtime I might add) I see that strangulation is most definitely a more obvious possibility considering the bulging eyes of the statues.

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